Risovaca Pecina Cave Arandjelovac

The wavy Sumadija, at the entrance to Aranđelovac, there is the Risovaca cave, among scientists known as the Paleolithic underground museum. In it, the fossil remains of a large number of animals, which during the last ice age lived in the steppes of present-day hill Risovaca.

In Serbia, there is a lot of caves, and only a small number of them is investigated. Each of it  has something special, and Risovaca is because of that declared as the natural monument of the first category and the cultural heritage of exceptional importance. Risovaca pecina cave was discovered by chance in 1953, breaking 20 meters of the entrance part, because it was not known that the Risovacki hill there is a cave. In the same year, 1953, Risovaca pecina cave is protected as an archaeological site, and three decades later, the cave is gaining in importance as a natural monument. In the Risovaca pecina cave there are reconstructions of a primitive man, prehistoric Neanderthal hunter-type, made in natural size. The former man who lived here was our ancestor, and scientists say they have lived there, and homo sapiens who were able to live side by side with a man-type Neanderthal.

Risovace length of the cave is 135 meters and with side channels almost 190 meters. Risovaca cave is best examined from all caves in Serbia and it is best explored as archeological and paleontologist-caving cells. Risovaca pecina cave is considered as one of the five caves in the Balkans, where lived Neanderthal early man as a hunter. In this cave they found only an artifact leaf-shaped blade, spike, bone dagger and iron, which is a confirmation of his presence in these regions of today’s Serbia.

In the cave there is reconstruction of the figure of 20 species of animals that inhabited the cave before the period of the Ice Age – mammoths, bison rhinoceros, giant deer, steppe lions, jackals, hyenas, lynxes, foxes, whose age fossils was found in 36 thousand years, plus or minus six thousand. On this basis, it is assumed that this time last man Neanderthal lived in our region.

In the Risovaca pecina cave there were found semiprecious stone onyx, marble, which is developed by the mineral waters that have flowed this cave, which today are known as Knjaz Milos. Prior to 110 thousand years ago when they created the cave was cold, later followed hot water were deposited and were in physical-chemical processes in which it was built of marble onyx. The cave has aragonite stone which is rarely found in nature. Its characteristic is that groups of the crystals are in contrast to the force of gravity.

The Risovaca Pecina Cave was last arranged in 2009, when it was decorative lighting has been applied. It is interesting that because of the education of the youngest guests in the cave set fire calcification, which shows how to create a cave decorations, stalactites and stalagmites, as this cave abounds these ornaments. They are found only in some places. In the final zone of the cave there are two niches, Coral or Snowy room and it is characterized by the appearance of ornaments in the form of snow corral. Another niche is named after Vesna Bogdanovic, a student of archeology who worked on the study cave. The niche cave formations in several colors, derived from different types of minerals.