Rajac Wineries – Rajacke Pimnice wine cellars

Rajac Wineries – Rajacke Pimnice wine cellars

Rajacke Pimnice is the unique cultural sight all surrounded with vineyards, dedicated to the glory of wine and wine-lovers satisfaction, under protection of Republic of Serbia, located at the easternmost part of Serbia, 20 km south of Negotin and nearly at the border between Bulgaria and Serbia.

“The Serbs from Velika Hoca in Metohija in Kosovo and Metohija in the 15th century settled in the Rajac area where they have established exceptional wine production that also appeared in Europe and further. Pimnice /wine cellars/ are place there wine is kept, and today one can spend lovely day here visiting one of them, along with exploration of little known ancient cemetery in Rajacke Pimnice village which is rich in numerous stone tombs, symbols, secrets likewise the nearby Mokranje stenje – the Mokranje Rocks”. Prelepa Negotinska Krajina.

Serbs from Orahovac and Velika Hoca in the wine region of Metohija have settled here in the Krajina area in 1690 during the Great migration of Serbs led by Patriarch Carnojevic. The Serbs have moved to this area which reminded them of their fruitful and fertile homeland of Metohija, and found out that Krajina area is suitable for successful wine growing. Serbs who settled here in Krajina started with cultivation of grapes, proud of their traditions and experience in wine production. First they have constructed houses of mud and stone and built the village for living, obtaining wine cellars within each household. When they understood the value of the treasury up in the hill, they have decided to establish a special settlement aimed for wine production. So it was the beginning of the stone village for wine – the Rajac Wineries village.

In the area of East Serbia, in the vicinity of Negotin border crossing of Mokranje, famous for its vineyards dating from the ancient Roman times, the village population living of viticulture traditions, used to establish secondary settlements – compounds close to their permanent homes. Some historical records mention establishment of the Rajac villages by newcomers from Kosovo and Metohija after the Great Migration of Serbs, led by Čarnojević. They brought here love for wine growing and viticulture. The settlements were named after the wine cellars called in this region “pivnice” or pimnice. These stone cellars were for centuries used to process grapes into wine and brandy, as well as the storage facilities. Mysterious monumental complex of Rajacke Pimnice that consists of some 270 stone houses built more than 200 years ago is a complete Mother-nature concept Foundation, so to grow and preserve natural wines with most precious care and love of the local Rajac people. Rajacke pimnice – Rajac Wineries make a compound of wine cellars belonging to the village of Rajac, located 2 km to the west of the village, along the vineyards, on top of Beli Breg hill. The Rajac Wineries compound is densely clustered, built spontaneously, following the terrain. Its winding streets go along the regular shaped cellars, built in the ground floors or the two-store wine cellars, often on both sides and dug into the ground. The whole Negotinska krajina /area of Negotin and its surroundings/ is filled with vineyard facilities. Rajačke Pivnice wine cellars of the Rajac village are the best witnesses of the wine production, formed as gathered group of 270 stone houses with special roofs and fountain in the central square dedicated to the Saint Tryphon /patron saint of winemakers/, and with narrow streets that take you to the next row of interesting stone wine cellars, taverns, wine exhibitions, craft exhibitions and original music performances etc.

The construction of those unique wine cellars-drinking houses in Rajacke Pimnice had started in the 18th century as stone facilities near vineyards, with purpose of production and wine keeping which during time turned into the “wine town”. You can taste various kinds of delicious wines in most of the Rajac wine cellars, but remember to ask for the famous red wines of the Negotinska Krajina region and particular local vineyards. The Rajacke Pimnice graveyard is also unique and worth-visiting because you can find numerous very old fantastically stone-carved monuments – stećaks that are cultural uniqueness of this tiny village of the eastern part of Serbia. There are few accommodation providers in the Rajac region we recommend. Rajacke Pimnice complex is about 250 km away from Belgrade, accessible by terrible road, but truly surprising…..