The story of Medjugorje in the very south of Herzegovina is well known to most Catholics. In 1981 six teenagers were playing together in the hills between the villages of Medjugorje and Bijakovici. Fifteen-year-old Ivanka Ivankovic, on the way home to the village of Bijakovići, suddenly saw on the hill of Crnica a woman in a white robe, with a white scarf over the head and the child in her arms. It was on this barren hillside that Mother Mary appeared and addressed and spoke to them. When the children told their parents what happened – the first reaction was skepticism.

The Međugorje apparitions, however, did not cease. The Mother Mary appeared again and again with the main Međugorje messages as Conversion back to God, Prayer, Fasting, Daily Reading of Bible and Confession, and soon made believers out of even the most vocal of critics. Since then it is estimated that millions of people have visited the tiny place of Medjugorje. This sleepy Herzegovina village of Međugorje has become the second largest Catholic pilgrimage site in the world.

There has been much controversy over the legitimacy of the visions and apparition, so much so that the Pope has not recognized Medjugorje as an official pilgrimage site, and shows restraint and caution. Some say the main reason for the  ”apparition” of Our Lady at Crnica hill: at the foot of the hill lies village of Šurmanci, where  local Croat Catholics from Sumranci, Medjugorje and Bijakovici and the Nazi – Ustasha from Capljina–  in early August 1941, in just two days brutally, mostly with edged weapons and tools killed more than 800 Serbs from the village of Prebilovci, among which were more than women and children, thrown them into the 60-meters deep pit. This was one of the most outrageous slaughter in the whole history of the Second World War on the territory of the former Yugoslavia, whom preceded multi days torture and violence over the Serb Orthodox population. There were 4000 Serbs from the area of Capljina, Stolac, Ljubuski, Metkovic and Neum brutally killed during 1941. Prebilovci village is the Serb Orthodox village on the territory of Medjugorje that experienced the unimaginable tragedy in the Second World War and makes the symbol of suffering of the Serbs in Herzegovina. On which testifies the reconstructed Church of the Christ Resurrection in Prebilovci and keeps remains of the Holy New-Martyrs of Prebilovci and the Lower Herzegovina.

Nonetheless, millions of faithful Catholics from all over the world visit Medjugorje and its sacred spots, and the many amazing accounts suggest that miracles are a regular occurrence here – the Virgin Mary is said to still appear every day to three of the teenagers and once a year to the other three. Medjugorje is located in the close vicinity of the hill and the village of Crnica, 35 km away from Mostar, 20 km from the Adriatic coast, and 5 km from Capljina. It has been visited by more than 40 million of visitors, although Medjugorje bears infamous role for invigoration of the Croatian extreme nationalism on which Vatican remains silent.