Golubac Fortress

Golubac Fortress

Golubac Fortress is located four kilometers downstream from town of Golubac, on the steep Danube river sides before the entrance to the gorgeous Djerdap Gorge. Golubac Fortress was built on the rocky slopes of a small hill, the offshoot of the Homolje mountains. The ramparts of the Golubac city follow the configuration of the terrain. There is the legend how this fortified place was established. The story says that once there was beautiful girl by the name Golubana. Stories on her beauties came to the Turkish Pasha who proposed marriage to her and gifted he with many presents in order to become his bride. Girl refused him as the all other grooms so Turkish Pasha decided to punish her. She was tided to the cliff above the Danube and birds mutilated her body and she died. Memory on the girl’s beauty and the said story remained among locals, so the town where she lived got name Golubac. It is not historically determined when and who erected the Golubac Fortress. Golubac Fortress was first time mentioned after the death of King Dragutin Nemanjic /1316/ as the fortification with Hungarian soldiers. Tzar Lazar tried unsuccessfully to conquer Golubac Fortress to become eventually the Serbian property at the beginning of the 15th century. After the death of King Stefan Lazarevic /1427/ Turks conquered the territories of Hungary and Golubac fortification as well which was under their rule until the beginning of the 19th century.

Golubac Fortress features nine quadrant towers that are connected with the barbed walking route. Golubac Fortress was divided into the Inner and Outer fortification. On the Inner fort there were the Citadel and three towers surrounded with the wall and on the Citadel there was the main tower and probably water tank and granary. Within the Outer and lower part of the Golubac Fortress that goes directly to the Danube there are remains of two-floor monumental palace from the first half of the 15th century beside which there were six-floors tower for defense and living. Within the Outer fort there was the gate with the wooden bridge across the water row and two towers. The shore of the Golubac Fortress used to have the pier where Turks added circle base tower for guns.

In the thirties of the 20th century the road was built through the Golubac Fortress when the entrance gate was demolished. Archaeological excavations were carried out during the seventies and the eighties of the 20th century and after they were stopped. Nowadays Golubac Fortress is covered with lush greenery and and inside wooden parts to approach the fortress are damaged so it is safe to observe it only from outside or from the water. By large revitalization project it is planned to remove the road from the Golubac Fortress, as well to provide lightening of this well preserved colossal fortification on the Danube River.

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