Wineries and Wine Cellars and Rakia producers of Serbia
The history of wine-making in Serbia is more than 1000 years long. Ever since the Serbian state was first established, wine has been a part of Serbian culture and many of Serbia’s rulers, especially the Nemanjic dynasty from 11th till the end of 14th century who have encouraged and promoted viticulture. The most important Serbian vineyards are situated in Negotinska krajina (250 km in the east of Belgrade), in the area of Vršac (100 km on the north-east of Belgrade), on the slopes of Fruška Gora (80km on the north-west of Belgrade), in the Subotica area (200 km on the north from Belgrade), Šumadija (100 km on the south-west from Belgrade) and Župa (230 km on the south-east from Belgrade).
The oldest authentic grape sorts of Serbia are considered to be Prokupac and Tamjanika. Prokupac is the sort of red wines and was known even in early Middle Ages, while Tamjanika is a Muscat sort originated from Southern France, known in Serbia for more than 500 years. It is assumed that Prokupac grape variety originates from the town of Prokuplje in the Toplica region (Toplički rejon). Locals from Prokuplje are proud for the fact that their home town and this grape variety have the common name after the Saint Procopius. However, the town of Prokuplje is first mentioned in archives from 1395 when vineyards of the town of Saint Procopius were granted to the Monastery of Saint Panteleimon in Mount Athos. Nowadays Prokupac grape sort is mostly grown in Central Serbia, but is also found in Kosovo and Metohija, and only randomly in Vojvodina and Macedonia, in small quantities in Bulgaria and only rarely in Russia.
Beside these sorts, today the vineyards of Serbia are mostly planted by Chardonnay, Sauvignon Blanc, Rhine or ‘Italian’ Riesling, Merlot and Cabernet Sauvignon. Numerous small and medium privately-owned wineries of Serbia entered the market, often run as family businesses, and with very high regard for standards of quality and taste. Some near-forgotten traditions, such as Bermet of Sremski Karlovci, were revived. Harvest season in Serbia begins in July and ends in October. The Serbian wine industry is showing signs of significant growth, as evidenced by In Vino, an annual international wine festival that is held in Belgrade since 2004 on an annual basis. Also, since 2010, an annual international wine fair is held at the Belgrade Fair, named ‘Beo Wine Fair’.
However, rakija /rakia/ is one of the most recognized brands of Serbia, widely known and reputed….