Starcevo – 5800-5000 BC
Starcevo archaeological site is situated on the left bank of the Danube river, 8 km away from town of Pancevo, on the righ side of the road Pancevo-Starcevo. This site is actually located at the entrance to the Starcevo village, about 8 km airal distance from the Vincha archaeological site. Starcevo archaeological site represents the earliest agricultural, and cattle-breeding population in the central Balkans dated as far back as 5,800 B.C. Thanks to significance of artifacts found on this site /especially ceramics specifically painted in white black and red color/ the culture of the Later Neolithic of the Central Balkans is named the Starcevo culture. The oval and ellipse underground logs wide 2 to 6 meters two of them comprising heaters were found here.
In the center of the settlement few tombs were excavated, among the logs, as well as numerous tools and weapons made of stone and bones. The rectangular homes of the this site were built on the ground or partially buried, often accompanied by some form of fire pit. Researching of specific Starcevo ceramics and its connections with the painted ceramics of Neolithic cultures in Ponudavlje region, Greece and the Middle East provides the evidences of movements of earliest Neolithic representatives in our regions. Starcevo Culture existed in its earliest period parallel with the Vincha culture during the period of the Older Neolithic. The effects of the Starcevo culture were significant for not only Transdanubia, but also for the rest of north central Europe, as it expanded approximately within the 200 years into north central Europe, occupaying 400.000 sqm region, from the Rhine river in the west to the Bug River in the east.