Rogozna Mountain

Rogozna Mountain

Rogozna Mountain /Monte Argentato/ is mountain located 12 km south-east of Novi Pazar in South-western Serbia. Rogozna Mountain range spreads along the south-west to north-east course on 20 km, dividing Raska from Kosovo and Metohija. Rogozna Mountain is situated in the triangle formed by Raška River and the Upper and the Middle course of Ibar River, and makes the natural line of Serbia and its southern province of Kosovo and Metohija, belonging to the Municipalities of Novi Pazar, Zubin Potok, Kosovska Mitrovica, Zvečan and Leposavić. Rogozna Mountain is intersected into long slopes and steep sides by the valleys of tributaries of those rivers where deep erosion is present sporadically.

The highest summit of Rogozna Mountain is Crni Vrh which is 1504 meters high. Rogozna Mountain consists mostly of volcanic stones and at its north-east side of karst and limestone. Rogozna Mountain is covered with dense forests. The ancient caravan road that used to connect Bosnia and Skopje and Salonica /Thessaloníki/ passed across Rogozna Mountain. This road was used for trading goods until the construction of Ibar railway when small town of Raška became the central point for goods of Novi Pazar and Sandzak region. Occurrences of silver- and gold-bearing lead-zinc and copper and nickel and cobalt ore at Rogozna Mountain were subject of exploration and mining that dates back to Roman time. In the Medieval period of Serbian history there was Rogozno tiny mining center inhabited with Saxons and Dalmatian traders. Huge volcanoes eruptions made conditions for ore mining that were exploited in the Medieval time as about 40 million tons of copper and silver and gold ore deposits were found on Rogozna Mountain. Numerous mining traces are evidence of important mining activity on Rogozna Mountain. The ruins of Medieval town of Jelač which was possessed by the Queen Helen of Anjoy with related district with the same name are located on Rogozna Mountain. Close to this Medieval center is place where Kind Dragutin got his leg hurt and abdicated the throne in favor of his younger brother King Milutin. In the foothill of Rogozna Mountain there are numerous Serbian Medieval Monasteries : Bajska, Sopocani, Crna Reka, Duboki Potok Monasteries and Saint Nichola’s Monastery of Konculj and so on.

 

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