Religion of Serbia
The main religion of Serbia is Christian Orthodox. Beside the Christian Orthodox population, there are also other religious communities in Serbia: Islamic, Roman Catholic, Protestant, Jewish and others. Diversity of religions in Serbia has left through the past centuries their traces as remarkable artistic and cultural masterpieces, always impressively respecting each other in harmony. Cultural and religious inheritance of Serbia make harmonious representation of various versions on essences, that face substantial impacts of integrity they belong, and thus deserve special attention of spectators.
The earliest Serbian Orthodox Monasteries have been built in the 9th century on the territory of what is today Macedonia. Since the mid 12th century and the rule of Nemanjic Dynasty members, founders of the first state of Serbs – Raška, along the valleys of rivers of Lim, upper Drina along with Piva and Tara, and Ibar and Zapadna Morava Rivers, with its capital Ras, /named after it Raška/, Serbian Monasteries became the educational and cultural centers of the Old Serbia. The Orthodox Monasteries of Serbia as the distinctive oasis of culture, history, literacy and identity of Serbian people have been built since the 12th century throughout Serbia by the Serbian visionary and enlightened rulers and endowers. Inside the Medieval Monastic complexes of incomparable beauties that live the particular life of wisdom, calmness, love, enlightenment, compassion towards all suffering injustice, wonderful scent of incense, exaltation, repentance, ever-lighted candles and prayers, providing all necessary living conditions for the brethren and often producing the food and wine for themselves and visitors, there are priceless shrines capturing the huge history of Serbia presented in magnificent fresco paintings, icons, reliquaries, hidden manuscripts and wisdom gospels as the treasurers of Serbian identity. Above all, the Serbian Monasteries are still home to monks and nuns, who accommodate visitors. Ancient traditions of Orthodox Christianity have survived until this day in the remote, mountainous regions of Serbia. Today there are 152 sacral Monastic monuments in Serbia, among them some listed in the UNESCO World Heritage list of protected Monuments. Thus Serbian Medieval Monasteries are the main issues of many Panacomp arrangements so to contribute to overall mental ecology.
Miroslavljevo Jevandjelje (The Miroslav Gospel) is the earliest and the most beautiful illuminated manuscript of Serbia written in Serbian in the Cyrillic script, beautifully illustrated with magnificent ornaments and stylistic decorations, written from 1180-1187 in the Monastery of SS Peter and Paul in Bijelo Polje. The Miroslavljevo jevandjelje-Miroslav Gospel has been inscribed on UNESCO’s Memory of the World Register in 2005. Miroslavljevo Jevandjelje was inscribed in gold for the celebrated prince Miroslav, son of Zavida and brother of Grand Zhupan Stefan Nemanja. Miroslavljevo Jevandjelje – Miroslav Gospel is one of the richest manuscripts of its kind and the oldest Serbian book in Cyrillic alphabet, the most valuable testimony of the Serbian Cyrillic literacy from the 12th century. The 181 bound sheet book with miniatures and penmanship of outstanding beauty of the Miroslavljevo Jevandjelje – Miroslav Gospel belongs to a group of illuminated manuscripts of specific style and iconography resulting from the fusion of elements of the West (Italy) and the East (Byzantine). The Serbian script is actually one of the important testimonies of the paths of artistic influences from the West to the East and back. The Miroslavljevo Jevandjelje manuscript documents the liturgical structure of the Evangelistria and a development stage of the Serbian orthography, and also speaks about the Christian princes in the Balkans at the end of the 12th century. This invaluable material, precious parchment and gilding, wealth of painted ornamentation and illuminated initials, linguistic complexity and variety of models written for Medieval Serbian Knez (Duke) Miroslav has been preserved almost completely. Judging by the few traces of candle wax the Miroslav Gospel was not often used for liturgical purposes. During the Ottoman rule the Miroslavljevo Jevandjelje – Miroslav Gospel manuscript was kept in the Chilandari Monastery on Mt. Athos (The Holy Mountain). Today Miroslavljevo Jevandjelje (The Miroslav Gospel) is treasured in the National Museum in Belgrade dealing with the turbulent eight century story of this magnificent Manuscript that is the treasury of universal value. Miroslavljevo Jevandjelje is the second Serbian entry to the Memory of the World, after the 2003 inscription of the entire archives of prominent genius Serbian-born American inventor and scientist Nikola Tesla (1856-1943).