Museum of the Serbian Orthodox Church

Museum of the Serbian Orthodox Church

Serbian Orthodox Church Museum was founded in 1926 upon decision of the Assembly of Bishops of the Serbian Orthodox Church held in Sremski Karlovci forty years earlier. The aim of founding the Museum was to reflect the entire development of the Serbian Orthodox Church at various times and in various places without stressing any particular diocese, personality or epoch. The exhibits of the Museum originate from numerous sources, often by donations of persons interested in improvement of the museum or purchases. A majority of them are objects from Fruska Gora Monasteries as well as from churches in eastern Srem which were brought back from Zagreb where they were taken during the occupation in the course of the Second World War. The Serbian Orthodox Church Museum would had a far richer collection, had all objects plundered during the past was been brought back, and particularly had not so many of them been lost for food during the wars.

The rich collection of the Serbian Orthodox Church Museum comprises church paintings, portraits of church dignitaries, ancient Serbian engravings, old Serbian manuscripts and printed books, all types of vestments, sacred objects of metal, wood, bone, mother-of-pearl and leather, votive offerings, altar embroideries, the seals of historical documents…. The outstanding Serbian Orthodox Church Museum exhibits of international significance are : the unique collection of textiles : the epitaphion /shroud/ from the late 13th century supposed to have belonged to King Milutin embroidered on dark red silk filled with ornaments, edged in velvet and interspersed with gold; The vestment of Prince Lazar with Heraldic signs, lions embroidered into the material with a helmet and oxen horns on the metal button; The shroud for the relics of Prince Lazar made by nun Efimija widow of Despot Jovan Ugljesa in 1402, the master-piece with silver and gold thread on red satin; Metal ritual vessels and other sacred metal objects used during liturgical services representing artistic crafts, particularly the goldsmith’s art in Serbia; Byzantine crosses and seals; candlesticks, distinctive manuscripts and ornately decorated gospels, incense-boxes, numerous icons /specially Russian icons/ and many more….

 

 

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