Former island of the Pannonean Sea, with the Latin name of Alma Mons is nowadays Fruška Gora Mountain. Fruska Gora spreads along the 80 km of ranges between the Danube and Sava Rivers, over the southern part of Srem in Vojvodina, with the highest peak Crveni Cot (539 m). Fruška Gora Mountain is located just along the right bank of the Danube and spreads direction west-east from Ljuba and Sarengrad villages in the west up to Stari Slankamen in the east. For its exceptional flora and fauna, rare nature spots and cultural-historical monuments, Fruška Gora has been declared in 1960 the National Park of Serbia. The oldest forests of the Fruska gora Mountain are under the highest level of protection – in the areas of the “Javorova gudura” and “Papratski do”, as well as number of natural rarities. Large areas of Fruska Gora Mountain are covered by woods (linden-trees, oak trees, beech, willows…) and vineyards and fruitful gardens and orchards, where delicious and tasty vegetables and fruits, and grapes and natural honey and benefiting royal jelly are grown and produced….. The Fruška Gora National Park and the Gornje Podunavlje Special Nature Reserve have been awarded with the Europarc Federation European Charter for Sustainable Tourism in Brussels in December 2014.
During their stay in the Fruska Gora National Park, at the Eco Center in Sremski Karlovci – or some other tourist facility with our recommendation, visitors take part in various unique activities – full or half day education-adventurous hike in nature with eco guides, creative workshops “recycle”, “treasure hunt”, “all senses nature experience”, orienteering /activities with bandages, making perfume from ingredients found in environment, walks along the trees…/, bicycle ride with cyclo guides, outdoor lunch or in the mountain hut in Strazilovo, with active participation in food preparation – barbeque, hiking competition race till the Monument of Branko Radičević on Stražilovo spot, along the arranged hiking trail throug the Fruska Gora National Park, horse-back riding and walks along the Fruska Gora Mt…
The National Park Fruška Gora is considered as a site of a very special natural beauties and cultural-historical monuments. The area of 25.000 hectares within the Fruska Gora National Park is a real treasury of flora and fauna. Due to its geographical position, there can be found orchids and conifers, as well as variety of animal species: roe deers, rabbits, wild boars, eagles etc. Thanks to tectonic movements in the whole region of the Pannonian plain, at its southern part, the Danube River modified Fruška Gora Mountain determining its position. Northern part of Fruška Gora was omitted by the Danube flow due to non-tectonic movements. Two river beds were formed then : together they could constitute today’s Danube course. Western part of the Fruska Gora National Park lies between towns of Sarengrad and Sid and it represents the leveled rising grounds with the elevations of 200 meters high. Between 1965 and 1986 14 accumulations were created in Fruska Gora with the purpose of irrigation of agricultural surfaces and defense from the torrent floods. Lakes of Fruska Gora Mt-National Park from the east to the west are : Ljukovo Lake by Jaarkovci village, Šelovrenac Lake by Maradik, Dobrodol Lake by Šatrinci village, Međeš Lake by Šatrinci village, Borkovac Lake by Ruma, Popovica Lake by the weekend settlement at Popovica site, Kudoš or Pavlovačko jezero Lake by the Pavlovci village, Mutalj Lake by the Bešenovački Prnjavor village, Testera Lake by the Testera vacation complex, Manđelos or Vranješ Lake by Manđelos village, Čalma Lake by the Čalma village, Moharač Lake – between Vizić and Erdevik, Sot Lake by the Sot village. Due to the fact that Vojvodina is covered with less, the most spreading soil types are mold and saline. Mold soils range about 60% and are extremely fertile. It is mostly used for growing wheat, maize, sugar beet, sunflower, soya and other industrial crops as well as the major plants for cattle-breeding. Over Fruška Gora slopes there are rich linden and oak forests. At lower sides of Fruška Gora Mountain, forests are mostly rooted up and now there are pastures, vineyards, meadows and orchards. Fertile soil, plenty of waters – about 200 streams and mild climate contribute to very extensive wine-production in Fruška Gora. On the southern slopes of Fruška Gora Mountain there are numerous artificial lakes of outstanding beauty, mostly used for sports and recreation : Sot, Bruje, Moharač, Čalma, Vrnješ, Bešenovačko Lake, Međeš, Dobrodolsko, Pavlovačko, Hopovačko, Petkovičko, Ljukovo, Kapavica, Testera, Vranješ, Kameničko, Mutaljsko, Parloško.
The famous Wine Festival starting with grape harvesting is held in Sremski Karlovci every September. Gentle slopes, ancient natural sights and landmarks with living fossils, plenty of waters within forests that cover about 90% of the Fruska Gora National Park, rich vineyards and old monasteries, draw attention of many visitors, nature-lovers and scientists.
There are more than 1400 relict floral species in Fruska Gora, as well as numerous species of fauna /more than 200 bird species and rare mammal species/. All along this beautiful mountainous area of Fruška Gora National Park there are 17 Medieval Orthodox Monasteries from the 15th and the 16th centuries settled. That is why Fruška Gora is usually called “The Holy Mountain”. In the Western part of Fruška Gora there are the following Monasteries : Monasteries of Privina Glava, Divsa, Petkovica, Kuvezdin, Sišatovac, while those looking for the spiritual relief can reach the other Fruška Gora Monasteries taking the regular road along the mountainous range : Bešenovo, Mala Remeta and Velika Remeta, Jazak, Vrdnik-Ravanica, Beocin, Rakovac, Staro and Novo Hopovo, Grgeteg, Krušedol, ending in Sremski Karlovci, Serbian cultural, educational and spiritual center.
In the Info Center of the Fruska Gora National Park, at the Iriški venac, there is the guide service, capable to provide all information about flora and the fauna, in way of presentations and lectures. The excursion places are most popular in the Fruska Gora National Park, among which are: Čortanovačka šuma, Stražilovo, Partizanski put, Iriški venac, Hopovo, Glavica, Popovica, Zmajevac, Letenka, Hajdučki breg, Andrevlje, Testera, Ciganski logor, Ležimir, Rohalj baze and Lipovača. All the excursion places are equipped with facilities for the full-day in forest, wood clearings, meadows and pastures, where numerous visitors spend their active and relaxed time, or amazing horse-back riding. Walking paths in Fruska Gora National Park are well marked and circular, arranged so that visitors can choose among the northern or the southern sides of each path. Walking pathways are adjusted to recreation, as well as for sportsmen, varying from several km up to 111 km in length (The Fruska Gora Marathon ultra plus), which features altitude differences from 300 to 500 meters. The brand new Eco Camping Fruska gora is located in the vicinity of Sremski Karlovci, close to Strazilovo, 4 km of the regional road 22.1 – a turn towards Sremski Karlovci. The Fruska Gora Eco Camping is 75 km far from Belgrade and 16 km from Novi Sad. Camping site position is at the border of the National Park Fruska gora and represents the first eco camping site in Serbia, being the only one in Serbia within the borders of the National Park.