Drenovac Site Paracin

The Late Neolithic houses excavated at Drenovac, Serbia, rank amongst the best-preserved in Europe. The site of Slatina-Turska česma in Drenovac, is located in the Middle Morava Valley of central Serbia, some 9 km away from the town of Paracin. Prof. dr. Slaviša Perić – Institute of Archaeology Belgrade is the head authority of archaeological excavations in process at the Drenovac site.

In particular, the preservation of collapsed second-storey floors offers unique insights into household and social organization. It is a deeply stratified site, with cultural deposits up to 6.5m thick, that spans two main periods of occupation (separated by a hiatus of approximately 700 years): the Early Neolithic Starčevo Culture (6100–5900 BC) and the Late Neolithic Vinča Culture (5300–4700/4500 BC). According to the distribution of the items found on the surface and registered geomagnetic anomalies, it can be assumed that the Neolitic settlement in Drenovac spread on some 40 hectares during the earliest phase of the Vinca culture, that make it one of among the largest Neolithic settlements in Serbia. The site was first recorded in 1966, and the first large-scale excavations undertaken between 1968 and 1971 (Vetnić 1974: 125–39; Perić 2004). In 2004, the Archaeological Institute in Belgrade conducted further excavations to improve understanding of the site’s chronology, stratigraphy, formation processes and occupation dynamics (Perić 2009; Perić & Perić 2014).

Geomagnetic surveys of the Drenovac neolithic site were carried out in parallel with further excavations undertaken between 2008 and 2011 in cooperation with the Romano–Germanic Commission of the German Archaeological Institute (Perić et al. 2016) and, between 2012 and 2013, with the Viminacium Centre for New Technologies. An extensive geomagnetic survey carried out in the two-thirds of the Drenovac site offers extraordinary insights into the layout and huge population extent and intense construction activities of the Late Neolithic settlement that has enabled targeted excavations. Prof. Slavisa Peric – The earliest traces of life here date from the period of 6200 years BC, the settlement was active until some 4000 BC, to experience soon its life extinct, as was the case in the other Neolithic settlements in the Central Pomoravlje area – the Middle Morava River course.