Dojran Lake

The Dojran Lake is the smallest tectonic lake of Macedonia, in East Macedonia, at the elevation of 148 meters, with the surface of 43,1 km2, of which 27,3 km2 belongs to Macedonia and 15,8 km2 to Greece. Dojran Lake is located in the ravine of the same name, at the south-easternmost part of Macedonia, spread between the Mountain of Belasica (2.036m) and its range of Bosak in the north, and the Kruša Planina Mt (1.179m) and Karadag Mt in the east, and the shallow Trnovo Planina Mt, or the Kara Bali, to the west and southwest. on the south, the ravine of Dojran spreads direction the Kukus area, and further to the Salonica Bay – Thessaloniki Bay. Dojran Lake is only 25 km away from the E-75 Highway, 80 km from Salonica /Thessaloniki/ and 166 km from Macedonian capital Skopje.

Dojran lake has shape similar to a circle and it is 9 km long and 7 km wide. 15 types of fish of special features are found in Dojran Lake /of which famous are kostreš, plašica, carp, sheath-fish/ and water grass /algae/. All those fish species contributed that Dojran Lake became part of the world’s natural rarities. Dojran Lake is the richest lake in fish in Europe and very rich in vegetation. The notorious Dojran Lake fishermen still fish during winter period in a very special ancient way of fishing with the assistance of birds /Cormorants/. The climate in the Dojran plain is modified Mediterranean and the entire region is under the climatic influence of the Salonica gulf. The climate of Dojran Lake is characterized with warm and dry summers and soft winters. On Dojran Lake over 120 days during the year feature temperature over 26°C.

The settlement on the present day Stari Dojran existed in the prehistory and Greek historian Heredotus in the 5th century BC mentions the Paeonians, ancient Thraco-Illyrian tribe which settled the territory. During the rule of Philip II (359-336) and Alexander The Great (336-323) of Macedonia and during the Roman conquests on the Balkans in the 2nd century BC, there was an antique city of about 30 hectares – a fort with the oldest known name being Taurian. In 395 the city became part of the Eastern Roman Empire, later called Byzantine Empire. Around the 6th – 7th century the Slavic tribes settle the Balkans and the city of Taurian thanks to its location and the development takes a big part in the historical, cultural and economical issues.

The city of Polin which was slightly relocated to the south inherits the tradition of Taurian and the main developments are with fishing, hunting and farming. However being at the crossroads of the conquering plans of the Byzantines and the Macedonian empire of Tzar Samuil (around 969-1018 AD) also a path for the Serbian conquerors – King Milutin 1281 and Tzar Dushan 1331-1355 AD, the city experienced some unpleasant times after which arrived Turks of the Ottoman Empire who gave the city the name Dojran. The city was built along the similar architecture as Constantinople and Thessaloniki, with cobblestone streets, fresh water fountains, city bath, churches and also mosques, several schools, a clock tower etc. The area of Dojran at that time assumed 79 villages with about 30000 residents.

Unfortunately World War I brought an end to life in Dojran for a while. In 1916 the entire population was evacuated in neighboring towns and countries and in 1918 due to military actions in the vicinity the city was completely destroyed. The old residents however had plans to rebuild the city in the period between the two Great wars, but several obstacles stood in the way, one of which was the lake and the flooding of the demolished city. Having the urge to return to their ancestral homes about 60 fishermen families, around 1919-1920 decided to reside at the foundation of the old city of Taurian. So, 4 km from the ruins of Dojran they create a new settlement and call it Nov (New) Dojran.

As time went on many of the families returned to the old Dojran as well. The administrative buildings were built in Old Dojran so both settlements started developing simultaneously. In World War II the city was a victim of foreign conquests once more until the final liberation on November 5th 1944, when it was included in the Peoples Republic of Macedonia as part of Yugoslavia and since 1991 is a part of independent Republic of Macedonia.

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