Culture of Serbia – Serbian Culture

 Serbian cultural identity has come down as the mixture of the eastern and the western cultural models. Byzantium was specific type of melting-pot and the unique combination of the inherited Roman state organization and legal order, the inherited Hellenic culture, and the Christian faith in its Orthodox form. Eleven centuries of the Byzantine Empire significantly influenced the history of the human civilization and also the Serbian Medieval Spirituality, Art and Statehood. This influence is evidenced in the cultural inheritance of the Eastern spirit – the Orthodox Christianity, Byzantine style of architecture and continued intellectual vitality, Medieval Monasteries, Cyrillic alphabet, and the multiple-centuries of the Ottoman yoke in the Balkan region /several thousands words in the Serbian language come from the Turkish, and the majority of Serbian traditional dishes comprise the modified oriental specialties/.

The International Congress of Byzantine Studies will be held in Belgrade from the 22nd til the 27th August 2016 by the Institute for Byzantine Studies of the Serbian Academy of Sciences and Arts. Every fifth year the International Association of Byzantologists (Association Internationale des Études Byzantines – A.I.E.B.) authorizes organization of such event to one of its members – the particular national Byzantine Committee. The Serbian Byzantologists will have this honor for the third time (1927, 1961, 2016), granted only to the Byzantologists of Greece.

 

Cultural heritage of Serbia includes but is not limited to movable and immovable cultural property, including historic and cultural monuments, sites and architecture, whether religious or secular; archaeological sites and artifacts; works of art; manuscripts, books and other objects of artistic, historical or archaeological interest; traditional cultural property; as well as scientific collections and important collections of books or archives and the buildings that house them such as museums, libraries, archives, or other depositories. The history of peoples on the Serbian soil has been turbulent from the times immemorial and has left countless traces, primordial words, wise sayings, customs, beliefs, traditions, legends, myths, poetry, vernacular architecture and landmarks that shaped it. Lepenski Vir in Djerdap Gorge on the Danube River had permanent settlements as early as the 6th millennium B.C. Neolithic archaeological sites have been known as the cultures of Starčevo and Vinča. There is unbroken continuity here: Sarmatians, Ants, Iazyges, Roxolans, Illiryans, Tracians, Greeks, Romans, Byzantines… In Gomolava archaeological site, on the bank of the Sava River (Srem county in Vojvodina), there is evidence of the continuity of cultures, from about 5000 years BC till the 16th century. Most important are antiquities from the town of Sirmium, nowadays Sremska Mitrovica.

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