Culture of Serbia – Serbian Culture

Serbian cultural identity has come down as the mixture of the eastern and the western cultural models based on the culture of ancient Serbs who resided before, during and after the development of the immemorial cultures of the Vinča and the Lepenski Vir in the areas of ancient India, Black Sea and the Caspian Lake, the Baltic, the valley of Mesopotamia, and the northwest and Middle Europe and the Carpathian Mountains, up to the areas of Podunavlje – Danube basin and the Balkan peninsula. Byzantium was specific type of melting-pot and the unique combination of the inherited Roman state organization and legal order, the inherited Hellenic culture, and the Christian faith in its Orthodox form. Greeks considered the ancient Serbs as Thrakoi, after the first tribe they encountered with around the Maritza river /nowadays Bulgaria/, which was at that time surrounded with the remains of the town of Ras, at the turn between two last centuries. Greeks were unable to express the word of RAŠČANI, or RAŠANI, since they do not have the consonants Š and Č, so the name of Tracani – Thracians remained. The words of Serf, Sirf, Sirfiče, Sirb in the Turkish means ‘people of the same origin and inheritance’, and also the people who are free, brave, combative, vicious, warlike, belligerent or “asij“, which resulted into Sefer or Serber war or combat.

Eleven centuries of the Byzantine Empire significantly influenced the history of the human civilization and also the Serbian Medieval Spirituality, Art and Statehood. Area of ​​the Balkans and Asia Minor was NEVER called Byzantium, but it was called the Eastern Roman Empire or Rumelia. Among the consequences of the Latin conquest and occupation of Constantinople /Tsarigrad in Slavic/ from 1204 to 1261 there is a striking change in Byzantine sacred architecture in the capital. Even the Turks who conquered Tsarigrad in 1453 named it the White city and this area Rumelia /and never Byzantium/. That story about Byzantium and Constantinople was accepted and started to be pushed by the Phanariots, an association of rich officials, wealthy citizens, merchants, from the Fanar neighborhood, who became close to the Patriarchate of Tsarigrad thanks to money. And by bribery they took a position in the Turkish Empire. They considered themselves the original “Greeks”, in fact the descendants of the Achaeans. Thus began the story of the neglect of the Slavic-Serbian majority rural population in relation to the Achaean population, which mostly lived in cities and were civil servants and merchants. With their influence on the Patriarchate of Tsarigrad and their participation in it, they abolished other Orthodox churches in the area of ​​the Roman Empire – in 1766 Patriarchate of  Pec (Peja) in Kosovo and Metohija. However this influence is evidenced in the cultural inheritance of the Eastern spirit – the Orthodox Christianity, Byzantine style of architecture and continued intellectual vitality, Medieval Monasteries, Cyrillic alphabet, and the multiple-centuries of the Ottoman yoke in the Balkan region /several thousands words in the Serbian language come from the Turkish /loanwords/, and the majority of Serbian traditional dishes comprise the modified oriental specialties/. Miroslavljevo Jevandjelje (The Miroslav Gospel) is the earliest and the most beautiful illuminated manuscript of Serbia written in Serbian language in the Cyrillic script, beautifully illustrated with magnificent ornaments and stylistic decorations, written from 1180-1187 in the Monastery of SS Peter and Paul in Bijelo Polje. The Miroslavljevo jevandjelje-Miroslav Gospel has been inscribed on UNESCO’s Memory of the World Register in 2005.

In 2018 Singing to the accompaniment of the Gusle is inscribed (13.COM) on the Representative List of the Intangible Cultural Heritage of Humanity.

The Serbs should always be conscious and proud for they are descendants of the civilization that provided the manking the literacy, metallurgy, astronomy, science, urbanism, culture, arts, social structure of unity and spirituality.

 

Cultural heritage of Serbia includes but is not limited to movable and immovable cultural property, including historic and cultural monuments, sites and architecture, whether religious or secular; archaeological sites and artifacts; works of art; manuscripts, books and other objects of artistic, historical or archaeological interest; traditional cultural property; as well as scientific collections and important collections of books or archives and the buildings that house them such as museums, libraries, archives, or other depositories. The history of peoples on the Serbian soil has been turbulent from the times immemorial and has left countless traces, primordial words, wise sayings, customs, beliefs, traditions, legends, myths, poetry, vernacular architecture and landmarks that shaped it. Lepenski Vir in Djerdap Gorge on the Danube River had permanent settlements as early as the 6th millennium BC. Neolithic archaeological sites have been known as the cultures of Starčevo and Vinča. In his book “The mysteries of the Danube Civilization” Harald Haarmann proves that the Balkans was inhabited by the civilization that developed the first written language. Haarmann calls this culture “Old European”. Vinča is the first civilization in World located in Serbia with the Danube civilization script being the oldest writing in the world ever. And the town of Vinča itself was just one of several metropolises, with others at Divostin, Potporanj, Selevac, Pločnik and Predionica…

The Cultural Treasure of Serbia – Tourist Organization of Serbia

There is unbroken continuity of the ancient civilizations here: Serbs, Sarmatians, Ants, Iazyges, Roxolans, Illiryans, Tracians, Greeks, Romans, Byzantines… In Gomolava archaeological site on the bank of the Sava River /Srem county in Vojvodina/, there is evidence of the continuity of cultures, from about 5000 years BC till the 16th century. Most important are antiquities from the town of Sirmium, nowadays Sremska Mitrovica. Influences in contact of the cultures of the East and the West are vivid in remains of the Medieval structures, while there are rare examples of the Medieval applied and fine arts and precious handwritten and printed books preserved in the Serbian Orthodox monasteries.

….”Likewise the fusion of the ancient and the Slavic composing elements, similar to the Roman and the German constituents in the development and integration of West Europe, the Serbs possessed the similar cultural and intellectual features in development of their common consciousness by which they have preserved their community and achieved the common identity and longevity”. See more The Serbs  Sima M. Ćirković

And, of course the Christian Heritage of Kosovo and Metohija

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