Cer Mountain

Cer Mountain

Cer Mountain is the legendary historical area where the Serbian celebrated History has been written. Cer Mountain is located in north-west Serbia, around 100 km southwest of Belgrade and 35 away from Šabac. From the slopes of the Cer Mountain spreads beautiful panorama of the Macva Plain up to the Sava and Drina Rivers and toward the gently-rolled Pocerina region. From Loznica one reaches the Cer Mountain through the village of Lesnica and the Memorial complex in Tekeris village, which commemorates the Serbian victory in the First World War over the Austria-Hungarian Army, and from the crossroad with the cross from were road goes left direction the Mountain Hut of “Lipove vode”, 500 meters beneath the Šančina peak, 689 m – the highest point of Cer Mt. There are two roads at the Mountain Hut “Lipove vode” on Cer Mountain – one leads to the Kosana ‘s town fort, and the other to Sancina peak. Walking along the mountain tracks and roads of Cer Mountain visitors can in unique way discover both the historical periods of the Roman rule and the most heroic victory of the Serbian Army in the WWI !

The Cer Mountain reveals the legend of the Emperor Troyan and his five daughters – Kosana, Kovilyka, Vida and i Soka, after whom the towns were named – Kosana’s town fortification /on Cer Mountain itself/, Koviljača, Vidin grad and Soko grad. Remains of the military stronghold of Trojan grad from the 3rd century testify on the powerful Roman Empire and its rule over the territory. The archaeological site of Konjuša dates from the early-Byzantine period – the 5th and the 6th centuries. The stronghold has been built during and after the time of barbaric attacks in the 4th and the 5th centuries, and comes from the time of restatement of the northern border of the Eastern Roman Byzantine Empire. Researchers believe that the early-byzantine fortification of Konjuša has overtaken the control over the Sava River Valley and the Srem area, which was in Roman period controlled from the Troyan town fortification. Besides the safe-guarding of the area and control of traffic and trade, this stronghold provided protection against barbarian incursions towards southern territories of the Byzantine Empire in the central Balkans. On Cer Mountain there are still visible parts of the Roman road from the 3rd century, built along the ridge of the mountain and had connected the fortifications of the Troyan town and the Kosana’s town – fortifications. Legend also says that Milos Obilic comes from this region, who is believed to have built the Čokešin Monastery, dedicated to the Birth of the Holy Virgin. The Battlefield of Cokesina took place on 16 April 1804 in close proximity to the Monastery. It was attributed the ‘Serbian Termopiles’ by the famous German historian Leopold Ranke in his work “The Serbian Revolution” and Nedic brothers, who led the 300 brave soldiers in the decisive combats were named The Serbian Leonidas”.

The area Tekeriš – Vodice – Lipove vode – Trojanov grad – Kosanin grad and slopes of the Cer Mountain forms an unique ensemble where one can today still see the marks of the perilous combats of the Cer Battle. It is written on the Tekeriš Monument on Cer Mountain : “Your deeds are Immortal”, which commemorates the first great allied victory of the Serbian Army of the Great War. It were the Serbian Heroes of Cer Mountain and their courageousness and the Serbian Generals, Commanders and Field-marshals and their military tactics and patriotic skills who have shown the mighty military power of Austria-Hungary how to fight and defend its country.

The Tekeris Monument has been built of the granite from the Cer Mountain, on whose top there is the eagle holding the laurel wreath which is symbol of power and victory. The Serbian Army commander was General Stepa Stepanović, who was promoted into the field-Marshall, for his ingenious conceptions and strategy of the Cer Battle. Chief of the General Staff was Radomir Putnik who confirmed his status as one of the greatest strategists of Europe. General Bojović was the first commander of the First WW wounded while combating in first rows with his units. General Živojin Mišić, the military strategist and Deputy of the Chief of Staff of the Supreme Command made first decisive military maneuvers which led to the victory on Cer Mountain, whose army tactics and skills are still researched at the most prestigious Military Academies in the world.

Next to the Tekeris Monument, there is the Museum with busts of Field-Marshall Radomir Putnik, Petar Bojović, Stepa Stepanovića and Živojin Mišić. The hardest casualties were civilian and army, as there were 17000 Serbian victims and 23000 on the side of Austria-Hungary. At the Transfiguration Church in Krivaja there was the rescue point for wounded soldiers, from where, after the first aid treatment, they were transported to the large hospital in Valjevo, Next to the church there is the military cemetery where 41 Serbian soldiers were buried, and 3 of Austria-Hungarian soldiers rest in peace next to them.

Cer Mountain provides its visitors various possibilities for hiking along the well-marked tracks which lead to the important localities and tourist attractions of Sabac and surroundings : Tekeriš Monument, established to honor the victims of the Cer Battle in August 1914, Monasteries of Radovašnica, Petkovica and Čokešina, Memorial Ossuary in the village of Macva Prnjavor, which commemorates the unspeakable atrocities of Austria-Hungarian soldiers over the civilians and rural population of Macva. On top of the Cer Mountain there is the Lipova voda Mount Hut which provides visitors tourist services of food and accommodation for very affordable prices. Visitors keen to discover numerous historical facts on Cer Mountain and its surroundings, its rich cultural heritage and imaginative stories and legends, are recommended to stay at the respectable rural tourist household of Vila Albedo in the village of Varna. There visitors could successfully experience the Easter Workshop, Souvenir Workshop, Painting Workshop, Theater performance, Night of Museum, Pocersko prelo event and the Ethnic-yard market.

 

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