Biogradska Gora National Park – Bjelasica Mountain

Biogradska Gora National Park is situated in the northeastern area of Montenegro, between the Tara and Lim rivers and the central part of the gorgeous Bjelasica Mountain. The Biogradska Gora National Park is the first national park of Montenegro, established in 1952 and covers an area of 5650 hectares. Protection of this glorious natural region dates back to 1878, when Prince Nikola Petrovic played a role in establishing this region a protected area for the enjoyment for future generations. The entrance to the Biogradska Gora National Park is less than 20 km away between Mojkovac and Kolasin. The several mountains peaks define the edges of the Biogradska Gora forests, that are Crna Glava /2139 meters/, Zekova Glava /2117 meters/, and Troglava /2072 meters/. Bjelasica Mountain is the greenest mountain in Montenegro, also very rich with waters. The forests of Biogradska Gora are simply a natural phenomenon, situated on slopes with as much as a 1,000 meters in height differential, along with Biograd Lake’s serene beauty, provide an unusual variety of micro climates in a compact area. The Biograd lake is surrounded by Biogradska virgin forest, one of the two best known forests in Europe, which gives visitors the opportunity to enjoy and take photos in the shadow of trees hundreds years old. The forests are the most important natural feature of the Biogradska Gora National Park, since the 1600-hectare woods belong to one of the last three primeval forests in Europe. Swift streams cut through the scenery of Biogradska Gora, green pastures and clear lakes reflecting forests. The Biogradska Gora National park is home to a multitude of bird species, including grouse, lark, Crested Titmouse, Yellow and Blue Titmouse, hawks, kestrels and buzzards, and the Imperial Eagle. The Biogradska Gora National Park also has an ancient cultural and historical heritage of sacred monuments, traditional architecture, and archaeological sites. Numerous villages and “katuns”, houses, cottages, towers, water-mills are scattered along the borders of the primeval reserve of Bjelasica Mountain. “Katuns” on the territories of Pesica rupe, Vranjak, Sisak and Vragodo are most picturesque and attractive. During the summer seasons the Bjelasica slopes come alive, katuns are filled with people and glades resound with the bells of “chaktars” (lead rams). There are 6 well marked trekking trails in Biogradska Gora National Park and Bjelasica Mountain. Hikers can hike the vast area of the Biogradska Gora National Park and stunning Bjelasica Mountain in 3 days.

Uniquely beautiful are seven glacial lakes of Biogradska Gora National Park. They are Biogradsko Lake, Pesica Lake, two of Ursulovacko lakes and Sisko Lake. Among all lakes of the Biogradska Gora National Park, the largest one is the gorgeous Biograd Lake, at the altitude of 1094 meters. Biogradsko Lake is situated in the central part of Biogradska Gora National Park, on the place where glacier melted in the late past and formed the water surface which covers the area up to 250000 m2, depending on the water level. The maximum depth of Biograd Lake is 12,1 meters. Shores of Biograd Lake are about 3,5 km long. Fantastic Biograd Lake is fed by Biograd River. Gorgeous Sisko Lake lies at the altitude of 1680 meters.

Bjelasica Mountain is surely one of the most beautiful mountain ranges of Montenegro. It belongs to the central continental region of Montenegro, and is located between the rivers of Lim, Ravna Rijeka Tara and Drčka river, separated from Komovi Mountains by Trešnjevik Pass. Bjelasica Mountain is placed on the east from Moraca Mountains /2226 m/, Sinjajevina /2203 m/, Vojnik /1997 m/, Golija /1942 m/, Maganik /2138 m/, on the north from  Prokletije /2694 m/, Komovi /2487 m/, Kucka Krajina Mountains /2184 m/, on the west from Hajla /2403 m/, on the northwest from Mokra Planina /2003 m/, on the southeast from Durmitor /2523 m/, Maglic /2388 m/, Bioc (2397 m), Volujak /2336 m/, Ljubisnja /2238 m/ on the south from Mt Zlatar (1626 m) and Zlatibor Mountain /1496 m/ in Serbia, on the southwest from mountains in Serbia – Kopaonik /2017 m/, Golija /1833 m/, Radocelo /1643 m/, Pester /1617 m/, Cemerno /1579 m/. The massif of the Bjelasica Mountain is 30 km wide and equally long and has 10 peaks above 2000 meters. Geological features of Bjelasica Mountain are of volcanic origins, with smooth round shapes, and vast spaciousness of it’s mildly rolling landscapes which is amazing. There is outstanding Montenegrin Transversal 1 which goes across the Bjelasica Mountain and provides memorable hikes – Mountain Trail 1 Mojkovac (812 m) – Brskovo (1,433m) – Bjelogrivac (1,970 m) –Big Šiško Lake (1,660 m) – Big Ursulovačko Lake (1,902 m) – Crna Glava Peak (2,139 m).

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